WWW.KONF.X-PDF.RU
- , ,
 


Pages:     | 1 | 2 ||

...

-- [ 3 ] --

in vitro :

#1944-2 Pectobacterium carotovorum #33 Dickeya dianthicola #12 Agrobacterium tumafaciens #1368 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris #1222t Clavibacter michiganensis sbsp. michiganensis #/1209 Clavibacter michiganensis sbsp. michiganensis #1673 Xanthomonas vesicatoria pv. vesicatoria #1674 Xanthomonas vesicatoria pv. vesicatoria #s-38 Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae ...

..

NA (nutrient agar), , . ( : . ./ . .

. .: ,1984. 264 .).

   

1 1368 - Xanthomonas campestris 2 3004 Xanthomonas arboricola 3 Pseudomonas syringae (S-38) , Agrobacterium 1673 Xanthomonas vesicatoria ( 22,23).

   

23. Agrobacterium (.

   

28. 1209 Clavibacter michiganensis, 1368 Xanthomonas campestris

, 2 (8%). ' ' (), 0,05/ 6- + 0,1/ , 3,30 .

0,1 / 6- 0,05 / .

, , Bactrocera invadens, GF-120 + Metarrhizium anisopliae, 10% 63,49% , 1 3,1 . 20,29 . .

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides . Lantana camara Carica papaya. Lantana camara 10,1% 80,1% .

, PH 5,5 - 6,7. . , , (Pulvinaria spp.) (Tetranychus urtica).

, 1000 1754 1446 . 18% 27%, - , .

1,4667-1,4678, .

, , , , , - .

, Agrobacterium 1673 Xanthomonas vesicatoria, 1209

- Clavibacter michiganensis.

, Agrobacterium 1673 Xanthomonas vesictoria.

.

, GF-120 + Metarrhizium anisopliae.

, , , , , , , JKUAT, KARI - THIKA, , - , .

1. . ., . ., . ., . . // . 1987. - 1. . 48-49.

2. .., .., .. // , 3. - .: , 2009. - . 32-34

3. , . . . : / . . .- . . .- 2013. 49 .

4. . - XII . - .: - . 2007. 4.1.

. 52-53; 73-78.

5. I , . 1. .: .-1987.

6. .., , 1998

7. .., .. . .: , 1990. 158 .

8. : .. 2 . . 2.-9- ., . . .: , 1984. . 67-68.

9. . ., . . , . . . / / .: .- 1990. 256 . - . 243-244

10. : . ./ . . . .: ,1984. 264 .

11. . . :

. 3- . . . .: , 1997. 384.: .

12. .., .., .. 91 :

. 4- ., . . .: , 2002. .

13. . ., . ., : . . .: . . - . . .

- , 2008. 198 .

14. : . . , . . . .: , 2004. - . 23.

15. .., .. . .:

. 1989. -.146-155 (236 ).

16. . ., . ., . . // . 3- . . . , 1991. . . 71.

17. : . / . . . . - .: , 1998 - 60 .

18. .., .., .. : , , . .: " ". 2004,264 .

19. / . .. ... .: .-1999.- C. 215- 216.

20.Abd-El-Khair H., Omima, M.H. (2006) Effect of aqueous extracts of some medicinal plants in controlling the green mould disease and improvement of stored Washington navel orange quality. J Appl Sci Res 2: 664-674.

21.Akah, P.A., Oli, A.N., Enwerem, N.M., Gamaniel, K. (1997). Preliminary studies on purgative effect of Carica papaya root extract. Fitoterapia 68: 327-331.

22.Allan P., Jager J. (1978) Net photosynthesis in macadamia and papaw and the possible alleviation of heat stress. Crop Prod. 7:125-128.

23.Al-Samarrai G.F., Harbant S., Mohamed S. (2013) Extacts some plants on controlling green mold of orange and on postharvest quality parameters. World Appl Sci J 22: 564-570.

24.Alvarez, A.M. and Nishijima, W.T. 1987. Postharvest diseases of papaya. Plant Disease 71 8:.681-686.

25.Amadioha A.C. (2000) Controlling rice blast in vitro and in vivo with extracts of Azadirachta indica. Crop Prot 19: 287-290.

26.Anibijuwon, I.I and A.O.Udeze 2009. Antimicrobial activity of Carica papaya (pa wpawleaf) on some pathogenic organisms of clinical origin from southwestern Nigeria. Ethnobotanicals leaflets 13: 850-864. Arbor Acres 2009.

27.Anthony S., Abeywickrama K., Wijeratnam S.W. (2003) The effect of spraying essential oils of Cymbopogon nardus, Cymbopogan flexuosus and Ocimum basilicum on postharvest diseases and storage life of Embul banana. J Hortic Sci Biotech 78: 780-785.

28.Ayotunde E.O., B.O. Offem, I.B. Okey, G.U. Ikpi, S.N. Ochang, N.E. Agbam and D. E. Omini. Toxicity of pawpaw (Carica papaya) seed powder to sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings and effects on haematological parameters.

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture Vol. 2(3), pp. 71-78, July 2010.

29.Badillo V.M. (2001) Nota correctiva Vasconcella St. Hill. y no Vasconcella (Caricaceae). Ernstia 11, 75-76 (In Spanish).

30.Bautista-Banos S., Barrera-Necha L.L., Bravo-Luna L., Bermudez-Torres K.

(2002) Antifungal activity of leaf and stem extracts from various plant species on the incidence of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides of papaya and mango fruit after storage. Mex J Phytopathol 20: 8-12.

31.Bayot R.G., Villegas V.N., Magdalita P.M., Jovellana M.D., Espino T.M., Exconde S.B. (1990) Seed transmissibility of Papaya ringspot virus. Philipines Journal of Crop Science 15, 107-111

32.Berg G.H. 1979. Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. San Salvador: Organ. Internac. Region. Sanidad Agropec. 36 pp.

33.Bernice, T. 1997. Medicinal Herbs: Current uses of some not so new medicines.

PMAP Conference 1997.

34.Breman, L.L. 1997. Papaya mosaic potexvirus in Portulaca spp. Plant Pathology circular, Gainesville No. 382.

35.Brucher. H., Useful Plants of Neotropical Origin and their Wild Relatives, pp 222Springer-Verlog, 1989.

36.Carne, P. B., Cantrell, B. K., Crawford, 1. D., Fletcher, M. J., Galloway, 1. D., Richards, K. T. & Terrauds, A. 1987, Scientific and common names of insects and allied forms occurring in Australia, CSIRO, Melbourne.

37.Casida J. E. Biochemistry pyretrins. // In J.E. Casida(ed.) Pyrethrum: the natural insectide. N.Y.: Academic press., 1973 P. 101 - 120.

38.Chau, K.F. and Alvarez, A.M.1983a. A histological study of anthracnose on Carica papaya. Phytopathology 73:1113-1116.

39.Chau, K.F. and Alvarez, A.M.1983b. Postharvest fruit rot of papaya caused by Stemphylium lycopersici. Plant Disease, 67: 1279-1281.

40.Chay-Prove P., Ross P., OHare P., Macleod N., Kernot I., Evans D., Grice K., Vawdrey L., Richards N., Blair A., Astridge D. (2000) Agrilink Series: Your Growing Guide to Better Farming. Papaw Information Kit. Queensland Horticulture Institute and Department of Primary Industries, Qld, Nambour, Queensland.

41.Cheah L. S., Yau K. K., Subramaniam S. and Lai E.T. (1993). Cleft grafting and quality improvement of papaya cv Eksotika. Paper presented at seminar on the fruit industry in Malaysia, 7-9th September 1993. Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

42.Chong, S.T., Prabhakaran, R. and Lee, H.K. (2008). An improved technique of propagating 'eksotika' papaya. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 787: pp 273-276.

43.Collins D.A. A review of alternatives to organophosphorus compounds for the control storage mites. // J. Stor. Prod. Res., 2005. Vol. 42 - P. 395-426.

44.Conover, R.A., Litz, R.E. and Malo, S.E. 1986. Cariflora- a papaya ringspot virus-tolerant papaya for South Florida and the Caribbean. HortScience, 21: 1072.

45.Cook, A.A. 1975. Diseases of tropical and subtropical fruits and nuts. New York:

Hafner Press, 317p.

46.Copeland, R.S., I.M. White, M. Okumu, P. Machera & R.A. Wharton. 2004.

Insects associated with fruits of the Oleaceae (Asteridae, Lamiales) in Kenya, with special reference to the Tephritidae (Diptera). D. Elmo Hardy Memorial Volume.

Contibutions to the Systematics and Evolution of Diptera, N. L. Evenhuis & K. Y.

Kaneshiro (Eds.), Bishop Museum Bulletin in Entomology 12: 135-164.

47.Copeland, R.S., R.A. Wharton, Q. Luke, M. De Meyer, P. Machera, M. Okumu, N.

Zenz, & S. Lux. 2006. Geographic distribution, host fruits, and parasitoids of the African fruit fly pests Ceratitis anonae, Ceratitis cosyra, Ceratitis fasciventris and Ceratitis rosa (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Kenya. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99: 261-278.

48.Copping, L.G. The BioPesticides Manual. Second Edition. / British Crop Protection Counsel., 2001 458 p.

49.Couey, H.M., Alvarez, A.M. and Nelson, M.G. 1984. Comparison of hot-water spray and immersion treatments for control of postharvest decay of papaya. Plant Disease 68: 436- 437.

50.Crane J.H. (2005) Papaya growing in the Florida Home Landscape. University of Florida. IFAS Extension. 8p.

51.Crosby D. G. "Environmental Fate of Pyrethroids" in Pyrethrum Flowers:

Production, Chemistry, Toxicology and Uses, J. E. Casida & G. Quistad,eds. // Oxford Univ. Press, New York., 1995 P. 196-213.

52.Dahal G. 1990. Occurrence of virus and virus-like diseases of crop plant in Nepal.

Journal of the Institute of Agriculture & Animal Sciences 11:47-75.

53.Dahal G. 1992. Occurrence and epidemiology of a potyvirus-like disease of zucchini squash in Nepal. Tropical Pest Management 38:144151.

54.Dahal G., Shrestha G. K. 1991. An out-break of a virus-like disease of papaya in Nepal. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture & Animal Sciences 12:121-124.

55.Dahal, G., H. Lecoq, and S.E. Albrechtsen. 1997. Occurrences of Papaya ringspot potyvirus and cucurbit viruses in Nepal. Annals of Applied Biology 130: 491502.

56.Davis M.J. (1994) Bunchy top. In: Ploetz R.C., Zentmeyer G.A., Nishijima W.T., Rohrback K.G., Ohr H.D. (Eds) Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases, Maerican Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, M.N., pp 69-70

57.Davis M.J., Kramer J.B., Ferwerda F.H., Brunner B.R. (1996) Association of a bacterium and not a phytoplasma with papaya bunchy top disease. Phytopathology 86, 102-109

58.Davis, M. J., Kramer, J. B., Ferwerda, F. H. and Brunner, B. R. 1996. Association of a bacterium and not a phytoplasma with papaya bunchy top disease.

Phytopathology 86: 102-109.

59.De Meyer, M., M. P. Robertson, M. W. Mansell, S. Ekesi, K. Tsuruta, W. Mwaiko, J. F. Vayssie`res, and A. T. Peterson. 2010. Ecological niche and potential geographic distribution of the invasive fruit y Bactrocera invadens (Diptera, Tephritidae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 100: 35-48.

60.Dickman M.B. (1994) Anthracnose. In: Ploetz G.Z.R., Nishijima W.T., Rohrbach K.G., Ohr H.D. (Eds) Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases, APS Press, St.

Paul, Minnesota, USA, pp 58-59.

61.Dickman, M.B. and Alvarez, A.M.1983. Latent infection of papaya caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Plant Disease, 67: 748-750.

62.Dickman, M.B., Patil, S.S., Kolattukudy, P.E. 1982. Purification, characterization, and role in infection of an extracellular cutinolitic enzyme from Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. on Carica-papaya, L. Physiology Plant Pathology, 20: 333Dickman, M.B., Patil, S.S., Kolattukudy, P.E.1983. Effects of organophosphorous pesticides on cutinase activity and infection of papayas by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Phytopathology 73: 1209-1214. 263

64.Drew R.A., OBrien C.M., Magdalita P.M. (1998) Development of interspecific Carica hybrids. Acta Horticulturae 461, 285-292.

65.Dubois T., Jacquet A., Schnek A. G., Looze Y. The thiol proteinases from the latex of Carica papaya L. I. Fractionation, purification and preliminary characterization // Biol. Chem. Hoppe Seyler. 1988. Vol.369, 8. P.733-740

66.Dwivedi B.P., Shukla D.N. (2000) Effect of leaf extracts of some medicinal plants on spore germination of some Fusarium species. Karnataka J Agric Sci 13: 153Ekesi S., P.W. Nderitu and I. Rwomushana (2006). Field infestation, life history

and demographic parameters of the fruit flyBactrocera invadens (Diptera:

Tephritidae) in Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 96, 379386.

68.Ekesi S., Mohamed S.A. and Chang C. L. (2014) A liquid larval diet for rearing Bactrocera invadens and Ceratitis fasciventris (Diptera: Tephritidae).

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 34, S90S98.

69.El Moussaoui, A., Nijs, ., Paul, C., Wintjens, R., Vincentelli, J., Azarkan, ., Looze, Y. (2001). Revisiting the enzymes stored in the laticifers of Carica papaya in the context of their possible participation in die plant defence mechanism. Cell and Molecular Life Sciences 58: 556-570.

70.El-Borai F.E., Duncan L.W. (2005) Nematode parasites of subtropical and tropical fruit tree crops. In: Luc M., Sikora R.A., Bridge J. (Eds) Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtripocal and Tropical Agriculture, CAB International, UK, pp 467-492

71.Emeruwa A.C. Antibacterial substance from Carica papaya fruit extract // J.

Nat. Prod. 1982. Vol.45, 2. P.123-127.

72.Farzana A.R.F., Palkadapala P.G., Meddegoda K.M., Samarajeewa P.K., Easwara J.P. (2008). Somatic embryogenesis in papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Rathna. J.

Nat. Sci. Found. Sri Lanka 36 (1):41-50.

73.Finneseth, C.H., D.R. Layne and R.L. Geneve. 1998. Requirements for seed germination in North American pawpaw [Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal]. Seed Science and Technology. 26:471-480.

74.Garrett A. (1995) The pollination biology of papaw (Carica papaya L.) in Central Queensland. PhD Thesis, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, 125 pp.

75.Gibb K.S., Persley D.M., Schneider B., Thomas J.E. (1996) Phytoplasmas associated with papaya diseases in Australia. Plant Disease 80, 174-178

76.Giordani R., Siepai O.M. (1991) Antifungal action of Carica papaya latex isolation of fungal cell wall hydrolyzing enzymes. Mycoses 34, 469-470

77.Godin, N.J., Spensley, P.C., Oils and Oilseeds, Crop and Product Digests No.1., Tropical Product Institute, 1971.

78.Gonsalves D. (1994) Papaya ringspot virus. In: Ploetz R.C., Zentmyer G.A., Nishijima W.T., Rohrbach K.G., Ohr H.D. (Eds) Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases, APS Press, St. Paul, M.N., pp 67-68

79.Griesbach J. (1992). A guide to propagation and cultivation of fruit-trees in Kenya, Technical Cooperation Federal Republic of Germany (GTZ), Eschborn, pp. 91-97.

80.Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davies, F.T., Geneve, R.L., (1997). Plant Propagation. Principles and Practices, sixth ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 757 pp. ISBN 0-13-206103-1.

81.Hewitt H.H., Whittle S., Lopez S.A., Bailey E.Y., Weaver SR (2000) Topical uses of papaya in chronic skin ulcer therapy in Jamaica. West Indian Medical Journal 49.1, 32-33

82.Holliday, P. 1980. Fungus diseases of tropical crops. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 607 p.

83.Imungi, J. K. and M. N. Wabule (1990). Some chemical characteristics and availability of vitamin A and from Kenyan varieties of papaya (Carica papaya L.). Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 24: pp 115-120.

84.Kabir A.H., Bari M.A., Huda A.K.M.N., Rezvy M.A., Mahfouz I. (2007). Effect of growth regulators and carbon sources on axillary shoots proliferation from shoottip explant and successful transplantation of papaya (Carica papaya L.).

Biotechnology 6:268-272.

85.Knight R.J. (1980) Origin and world importance of tropical and subtropical fruit crops. In: Nagy S., Shaw P.E. (eds), Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Composition, Properties, and Uses, pp.1-120. AVI Publishing, Westport.

86.Lassoudiere A. (1968) Le papayer (Deuxieme paitie). Fruits 23:585-596.

87.Lemos, E.G., Silva, C.L., Zaidan, H. A. (2002). Identification of sex in Carica papaya L. using RAPD markers. Euphytica 127: 179-184.

88.Lima, L.A. and Yamanishi, O. K. (2004). Papaya (Carica papaya L.) Crown substitution of Tainung 01 female plants for hermaphrodite ones through lateral grafting. In: International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. 3, 2004.

Fortaleza. Anais. p.57.

89.Litz R.E., 1984. Papaya. In: Evans D.A., Sharp W.R., Ammirato P.V. & Yamada Y., eds. Handbook of Plant Cell Culture, Vol 2. New York, NY, USA: Macmillan, 349-368.

90.Litz R.E., Conover R.A. (1977) Tissue culture propagation of papaya. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 90, 245-246.

91.Lohiya N.K., Mishra P.K., Pathak N., Manivannan B., Bhande S.S., Panneerdoss S., Sriram S. (2005) Efficacy trial on the purified compounds of the seeds of Carica papaya for male contraception in albino rat. Reproductive Toxicology 20, 135-148

92.Lustria J.U.J., Nacional A., Morillo A.E. (2009) Commodity situation report:

Papaya. Working Paper 34

93.Lux, S.A., Copeland, R.S., White, I.M., Manrakhan, A. & Billah, M.K (2003) A new invasive fruit fly species from the Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) group detected in East Africa. Insect Science and its Application 23, 355360.

94.Madrigal L.S., Ortiz A.N., Cooke R.D., Fernandez R.H. (1980) The dependence of crude papain yields on different collection (tapping) procedures for papaya latex.

Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 31, 279-285

95.Malo S.E., Campbell C.W. (1986) The papaya. University of Florida, Cooperative Extension Service Fruits Crops Fact Sheet FC-11. Gainesville.

96.Manshardt R.M. (1992) Papaya. In: Hammerschlag F.A., Litz R.E. (Eds) Biotechnology in Agriculture No. 8. Biotechnology of Perennial Fruit Crops, CABI, Wallingford, pp 489-511.

97.Manshardt R.M., Drew R.A. (1998) Biotechnology of papaya. Acta Horticulturae 461, 6573.

98.Marfo, E.K., Oke, O.L., Afolabi, O.A. Nutritional evaluation of papaw (Carica papaya) and flamboyant (Denolix regia) seed oils. Nutrition Reports International,

1988. v.37, no2, pp 303-310.

99.Marler T.E. (1998) Solution pH influences on growth and mineral element concentrations of Waimanalo papaya seedlings. J. Plant Nutr. 21:2601-2612.

100. Marler T.E. (2007) Papaya seed germination and seedling emergence are not influenced by solution pH. Acta Hort. 740: 203-207.

101. Matsuura, F.C. A.U, Folegatti, M.I.D.S, Cardoso, R.L. and Ferreira, D.C

2004. Sensory acceptance of mixed nectar of papaya, passion fruit and Acerola.

Science Agriculture (Piracicaba, Braz). 61: 604-608.

102. Morton J. (1987) Papaya. In: Morton JL (ed), Fruits of Warm Climates, pp.336-346. Creative Resource Systems, Miami.

103. Mossler M.A., Nesheim O.N. (2002) Florida Crop Pest Management Profile:

Papaya. FL32611-0710 352, 392-4721 104. Nakamura Y., Yoshimoto M., Murata Y., Shimoishi Y., Asai Y., Park E.Y., Sato K., Nakamura Y. (2007) Papaya seed represents a rich source of biologically active isothiocyanate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55, 4407- 4413 105. Nakasone H.Y., Paull R.E. (1998) Tropical Fruits, CAB International, Oxon, pp 239-269 106. Nashwa S.M.A., Abo-Elyousr K.A.M. (2012) Evaluation of various plant extracts against the early blight disease of tomato plants under greenhouse and field conditions. Plant Prot Sci 48: 74-79.

107. Nishijima, W.T. 1998c. Papaya diseases caused by fungi: wet fruit rot. In:

Compendium of tropical fruit diseases, (eds. Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G., Ohr, H.D.) 2nd ed., St. Paul: American Phytopathological Society, pp.64.

108. Nishijima W. Papaya. In: Ploetz R., Zentmyer G., Nishijima W., Rohrbach K, Ohr H, editors. Compendium of tropical fruit diseases. APS Press; 1994. p. 56 70.

109. Nishijima, M.S., Nishijima, W.T., Zee, F., Chia, C.L., Mau, R. F. L. and Evans, D. O. 1989. Papaya ringspot virus (PRV): a serious disease of papaya.

Honolulu: HCES/University of Hawaii at Manoa,. 4p. (Commodity fact sheet PAA).

Nishijima, W.T. 1998a. Miscellaneous papaya diseases. In: Compendium 110.

of tropical fruit diseases (eds. Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G., Ohr, H.D.) 2nd ed., St. Paul: American Phytopathological Society,.pp. 69-70.

111. Nishijima, W.T. 1998b Papaya diseases caused by fungi: dry rot. In:

Compendium of tropical fruit diseases, (eds. Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G., Ohr, H.D.) 2nd ed., St. Paul: American Phytopathological Society, pp. 59-60.

112. Nishijima, W.T. 1998d. Papaya diseases caused by bacteria. In:

Compendium of tropical fruit diseases, (eds. Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G., Ohr, H.D.)2nd ed., St. Paul: American Phytopathological Society, pp.65.

Noa-Carrazana, J. C., Gonzlez-de-Len, D., Ruiz-Castro, B. S., Piero, D., 113.

and Silva-Rosales, L. 2006. Distribution of Papaya ringspot virus and Papaya mosaic virus in papaya plants (Carica papaya) in Mexico. Plant Dis. 90:1004Oda, M., Maruyama, M. and Mori, G. (2005). Water transfer at graft union of tomato plants grafted onto Solanum rootstocks. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 74: pp 458463.

115. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2003).

Draft Consensus Document on the Biology of Carica papaya (L.) (Papaya). Report No. 5 Febr. 2003, OECD, France, 18 pp.

116. Okeniyi J.A., Ogunlesi T.A., Oyelami O.A., Adeyemi L.A. (2007) Effectiveness of dried Carica papaya seeds against human intestinal parasitosis: A pilot study. Journal of Medicinal Food 10, 194-196 117. Ooka J.J. (1994) Papaya ringspot virus. In: Ploetz R.C., Zentmyer G.A., Nishijima W.T., Rohrbach K.G., Ohr H.D. (Eds) Compendium of Tropical Fruit Diseases, APS Press, St. Paul, M.N., pp 62-63 118. Oyagade, J.O., Awotoye, J.T, Adewumi, A., Thorpe, H.T. 1999. Antimicrobial activity of some Nigerian medicinal plants. Bio. Res. Comm. 11(3): 193 197.

119. Padovan A.C., Gibb K.S. (2001) Epidemiology pf phytoplasma diseases in papaya in Northern Australia. Journal of Phytopathology 149, 649-658.

120. Panjaitan S.B., Aziz M.A., Rashid A.A., Saleh N.M. (2007). In vitro plantlet Regeneration from shoot tip of field-grown hermaphrodite papaya (Carica papaya L. Cv. Eksotika). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 6:827-832.

121. Parasnis A.S., Gupta V.S., Tamhankar S.A., Ranjekar P.K. (2000) A highly reliable sex diagnostic PCR assay for mass screening of papaya seedlings.

Molecular Breeding 6, 337-344.

122. Paull R.E., Nishijima W., Reyes M., Cavaletto C (1997) A review of postharvest handling and losses during marketing of papaya (Carica papaya L.).

Postharvest Biol Tec 11: 165-179.

123. Purcifull, D. E., Edwardson, J. R., Hiebert, E., and Gonsalves, D. 1984.

Papaya ringspot virus. No. 292 in: Descriptions of Plant Viruses. Commonw.

Mycol. Inst., Kew, England.

Purseglove, J. W. (1968). Tropical crops Dicotyledons. Longman, London, 124.

pp. 45-51.

125. Ranaware A., Singh V., Nimbkar N. (2010) In vitro antifungal study of the efficacy of some plant extracts for inhibition of Alternaria carthami fungus. Indian J Nat Prod Resour 1: 384-386.

126. Rodriquez-Pastor, M.C., Galan-Sauco, V., Herrero-Romero, M. (1990).

Evaluation of papaya autogamy. Fruits 45: 387-391.

127. Rwomushana, I., S. Ekesi, I. Gordon, and C.K.P.O. Ogol. 2008. Host plants and host plant preference studies for Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Kenya, a newinvasive fruit y speciesin Africa. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 101: 331Saeed A, Waheed Akhter M, Iqbal M (2006) Removal and recovery of heavy metals from aqueous solution using papaya wood as a new biosorbent.

Separation and Purification Technology 45, 25-31

129. Samson J.A. (1986). Tropical fruits (2nd Ed). Longman Scientific and Technical, New York. pp. 256-269.

130. Sankat C.K., Maharaj R. (1997) Papaya. In: Mitra S. (Ed) Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, CAB International, UK, pp 167-189

131. Satrija, F., Nansen, P., Bjorn, H., Murtini S. and He, S. 1994. Effects of

Papaya latex Ascaris suum in naturally infected pigs.Journal of Helminthology, 68:

343-346.

132. Schaffer B., Andersen P.C. (1994) Introduction. In: Schaffer B., Andersen P.C. (ed), Handbook of Environmental Physiology of Fruit Crop, pp.1-2. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

133. Shukla D.D., Ward C.W., Brunt A.A., 1994. The Polyviridae. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

134. Somsri S., Fletcher R.J., Jobin M., Drew R., Lawson W., Graham M.W.

(1998) Developing molecular markers for sex prediction in papaya (Carica papaya L.). Acta Horticulturae 461, 141-148.

135. Teixeira da Silva J.A., Rashid Z., Nhut D.T., Sivakumar D., et al. (2007) Papaya (Carica papaya L.) biology and biotechnology. Tree for Sci Biotech 1: 47Thomas, J.E., and Dodman, R.L. (1993). The first record of papaya ringspot virus-type P in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology 22, 2-7.

137. Thwaite, W. G., Gordon, R., Penrose, L. 1. & Withey, R. K. 1995, Orchard plant protection guide for inland New South Wales, NSW Agriculture, Orange.

138. Tripathi P., Shukla A.K. (2010) Exploitation of botanicals in the management of phytopathogenic and storage fungi. In: Management of fungal plant pathogens, Arya A., Perello A.E. (Ed.), CAB International, USA 36-50.

139. Uchida J.Y., Kadooka C.Y., Aragaki M. (1996) Papaya seedling blight and damping- off caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes in Hawaii. Plant Disease 80, 712

140. Urasaki N., Tarora K., Uehara T., Chinen I., Terauchi R., Tokumoto M.

(2002b) Rapid and highly reliable sex-diagnostic PCR assay for papaya (Carica papaya L.). Breeding Science 52, 333-335.

141. Urasaki N., Tokumoto M., Tarora K., Ban Y., Kayano T., Tanaka H., Oku H., Chinen I., Terauchi R. (2002a) A male and hermaphrodite specific RAPD marker for papaya (Carica papaya L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 104, 281Ventura J.A., Costa H., da Silva Tatagiba J. (2004) Papaya diseases and integrated control. In: Naqvi SAMH (Ed) Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables (Vol II), Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp 201-268 143. Villegas, V.N. (1997). Edible fruits and nuts - Carica papaya L. In EWM Verheij, RE oronel, eds, volume 2. Wageningen University, The Netherlands Vivian-Smith, A., Luo, ., Chaudhury, A., Koltunow, A. (2001). Fruit 144.

development is actively restricted int he absence of fertilization in Arabidopsis.

Development 128: 2321- 2331.

145. Yadava U.L., Burris A.J., McCrary D. (1990) Papaya: a potential annual crop under middle Georgia conditions. In: Janick J., Simon J.E. (eds), Advances in New Crops, pp.364-366. Timber Press, Oregon.

146. Yeh, S.-D., and Gonsalves, D. 1984. Evaluation of induced mutants of papaya ringspot virus for control by cross protection. Phytopathology 74:1086Yeh, S.-D., Gonsalves, D., Wang, H.-L., Namba, R., and Chiu, R. J. 1988.

Control of papaya ringspot virus by cross protection. Plant Dis. 72:375-380.

148. Yesuf M., Mandefro W., Ahmed E., Adugna G., Tadesse D., et al. (2009) Review of Research on fruit crop diseases in Ethiopia. In: Increasing crop production through improved plant protection-Volume II, Abraham Tadesse (Ed.), Plant protection society of Ethiopia (PPSE), PPSE and EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

149. Zettler, F.W. and Wang, S.H.1998. Papaya diseases caused by viruses:

papaya droopy necrosis and papaya apical necrosis. In: Compendium of tropical fruit diseases, (eds. Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G., Ohr, H.D.) 2nd ed., St. Paul: American Phytopathological Society, 1998.

pp.66-67.

150. http://www.worldweatheronline.com/Thika-weatheraverages/Central/KE.aspx

   

Design type Completely randomized design

1) ANOVA Analysis of Variance.

N/B 0.05 - 0.01 - * Prop 0.01 - ** Prop 0.05 ns (not significant) Df Degree of freedom Cv coefficient variance GW grain weight (1000 )

2) Mean comparison of treatment OIL( / / )

   

: , ( ), ( ) , ( ).

   

.

,

   

0.72 0.83 0.83 0.72 0.56 0.56 0.61 0.39 0.56 0.55832642 0.37267799 0.37267799 0.44790320 0.49690399 0.49690399 0.59056365 0.48749802 0.59835164

   

0.333333 0.333333 0.666667 0 0 0 1 3 2 1 2 2 1 0.333333 0.333333 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 3 1 1 0.333333 0.666667 0.333333 0 0.333333 2 1 2 3 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 0.666667 1 0 0 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 0.333333 0.666667 0 0 0 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 0.333333 0.666667 0.333333 0.333333 0.666667 0.333333 0.333333 0.666667 0.333333 1 1 0.666667 1 1 0.333333 0.333333 0.333333 3 2 2 1 1 0.333333

   



Pages:     | 1 | 2 ||

:

- 03.01.06 ( ) , .. 2014 .....

13.00.01 , : , ,...

03.02.02 : , 2014 1 2 2.1 2.2 ...

. 14.02.02 : , , 20 ...

14.02.01 : , ...

ROSA L. 03.02.01 ..., 1. ROSA L. . 2. ROSA L. 2.1. Rosa L. 2.2. Rosa L. 3....

03.02.07 06.01.05 ...







 
<<     |    
2016 www.konf.x-pdf.ru - - , ,

, .
, , , , 1-2 .