- , ,

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 ||

- ( ) ...

-- [ 15 ] --

Malme C.I., Wrsig BC., Bird J.E., Tyack P. Behavioral responses of gray whales to industrial noise: Feeding observations and predicative modeling. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program. Final Reports of Principal Investigations. BBN Report No

6265.OCS Study MMS 88-0048. Anchorage : NOAA, 1986. P. 393600.

Malme, C. I., Wrsig, B., Bird, J. E., & Tyack, P. Observations of feeding gray whale responses to controlled industrial noise exposure // W.M. Sackinger et al. (eds.), Port and ocean engineering under arctic conditions. Geophys. Inst., Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks. 1988.

Vol. 2. P. 55-73 Matishov G.G. The reaction of bottom-fish larvae to airgun pulses in the context of the Vulnerable Barents Sea ecosystem // Second Intern. Conf. on fish. and offsh. Petr. Explor. Norway, Bergen. 1992.

Matishov G.G., Denisov V.V. Ecosystems and bioresources of the Russian European seas at the turn of the XXI century. Murmansk : Company MIP999, 2000. 118 .

Matishov G.G., Denisov V.V., Dzhenyuk S.L. Contemporary state and factors of stability of the Barents Sea Large Marine Ecosystem // Large Marine Ecosystems of the World: Trends in Exploitation, Protection and Research. Berlin : Elsevier, 2003. P. 4174.

Maurer D., Keck R.T., Tinsman J.C., Leathem W.A. Vertical migration and mortality of benthos in dredge material part II: Crustacea // Marine environmental research. 1981. Vol. 5, 4. P. 301318.

Maurer D., Keck R.T., Tinsman J.C., Leathem W.A. Vertical migration and mortality of benthos in dredge material part III: Polycheta // Marine environmental research. 1982. Vol.

6, 1. P. 4968.

Maurer D., Keck R. T., Tinsman J. C., Leathem W. A., Wethe C., Lord C., Church T. M.

Vertical migration and mortality of marine benthos in dredged material: a synthesis // Int. Rev.

GESAMP. Hydrobiol. 1986. Vol. 771, 1. P.4963.

McCauley R.D., Cato D.H., Jeffery A.F. A study of the impacts of vessel noise on humpback whales in Hervey Bay. Australia, Townsville : James Cook University of North Qld, 1996. 137 p.

McCauley R., Fewtrell J., Popper A.N. Effects of anthropogenic sounds on fish ears // J.

Acoust. Soc. Am. 2003. Vol. 113, 1. P. 638 642.

McFarland V.A., Peddicord R.K. Lethality of a suspended clay to a diverse selection of marine and estuarine macrofauna // Arch. environm. contam. toxicol. 1980. Vol. 9, 6. P. 733741.

McMath A., Cooke A., Jones M., Emblow C.S., Wyn G., Roberts S., Costello M.J., Cook B., Sides E.M. Sensitivity and mapping of inshore marine biotopes in the Southern Irish Sea (SensMap). Final report. Countryside Council for Wales, Maritime Ireland-Wales INTERREG, 2000. 300 p.

Mehlum F. Summer distribution of seabirds in northern Greenland and Barents Sea // Norsk Polarinst. Skr. 1989. 191. 56 p.

Mehlum F., Gabrielsen G.W. Energy expenditure and food comsumption by seabird population in the Barents Sea region // Ecology of Fjords and Coastal Waters. Skjodal H.R., Hopkins C., Erikstad K.E., Leninass H.P. (eds.). Elsivier Sci. 1995. B.V. P. 457470.

MMS (US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service). Outer continental shelf natural gas and oil resource management program: Cumulative effects (1987-1991). OCS Report MMS 95-0007. 1995. 220 p.

Monteiro-Neto C., Avila F.J.C., Araujo D.S., Campos A.A., Martins A.M.A., Parente C.L., Furtado-Neto M.A.A., Lien J. Behavioral responses of Sotalia fluviatilis (Cetacea, Delphinidae) to acoustic pingers, Fortaleza, Brazil. // Marine Mammals. 2004. Vol. 20, Issue 1.

. 141151.

Monterey G. I., Levitus S. Climatological cycle of mixed layer depth in the world ocean.

[ ] // NOAA Atlas NESDIS 14. USA, U.S. Gov. Printing Office, NOAA NESDIS. 1997. 102 P. URL:

( :

http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.nodc.woa94.html 15.09.2014).

Moore S.F., Dwyer R.L., Katz A.M. A preliminary assessment of the environmental vulnerability of Machies Bay, Maine, to Oil Supertankers. TR 162, USA : Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1973. 162 p.

Morisaka T., Shinohara M., Nakahara F., Akamatsu T. Effects of ambient noise on the whistles of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin populations // J. of Mammalogy. 2005. Vol. 86, Issue 3. . 541546.

Moriyasu M., Allain R., Benhalima K., Claytor R. Effects of seismic and marine noise on invertebrates: A literature Review [ ]. Research Document 2004/126.

Canada : Canadian science secretariat, 2004. 44 p. URL: http://www.dfompo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_126_e.pdf ( : 15.09.2014).

Morton A.B., Symonds H.K. Displacement of Orcinus orca (L.) by high amplitude sound in British Columbia // ICES J. Mar. Sci. 2002. Vol. 59. P 7180.

Moses W.J., Gitelson A.A., Berdnikov S.V., Povazhnyy V.V. Estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration in case II waters using MODIS and MERIS data-successes and chellenges // Environ. Res. Lett. 2009. 8 p.

Mozeley W.B., Del Balzo D.R. Horizontal random temperature structure of the ocean // J. Of physical oceanography. 1976. Vol. 6. P. 267280.

MSFD (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) 2008/56/Ec of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 // Official J. of the European Union. 2008.

Nachtigall P.E., Pawloski J.L., Au W.W.L. Temporary threshold shifts and recovery following noise exposure in the Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) // J. Acoust.

Soc. Amer. 2003. Vol. 113. P. 34253429.

NCM (Nordic Council of Ministers). Short- and long-term effects of accidental oil pollution in waters of the Nordic Countries. Copenhagen : Nordic Council of Ministers, 2008. 69 p.

Nedwell J., Langworthy J., Howell D. Assessment of sub-sea acoustic noise and vibration from offshore wind turbines and its impact on marine wildlife; initial measurements of underwater noise during construction of offshore windfarms, and comparison with background

noise. Report No. 544 R 0424. UK, Newbury: COWRIE, 2003. 72 p. URL:

http://www.subacoustech.com/information/publications.shtml ( : 15.09.2014).

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service ). Small takes of marine mammals incidental to specified activities; offshore seismic activities in southern California. Notice of issuance of an incidental harassment authorization. Federal Register, 60 (200, 17 Oct.), 1995. P. 53753-53760.

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). Taking marine mammals incidental to conducting oil and gas exploration activities in the Gulf of Mexico. Federal Register, 68. 2003. P. 99919996.

NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). Assessment of acoustic exposures on marine mammals in conjunction with USS Shoup active sonar transmission in Haro Strait Washington, 5 May, 2003. USA, Washington : NMFS, 2005. 13 p.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Outer continental shelf environmental assessment program (OCSEAP). Final reports of principal investigators.

Vol.36. Part 1 of 2. USA, Seattle : NOAA, 1985.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Environmental sensitivity index guidelines. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 115. Version 2.0. USA, Seattle: NOAA, 1997. 79 p.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). Environmental Sensitivity index guidelines. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OR&R 11. Version 3.0. USA, Seattle: NOAA, 2002. 192 p.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Endangered fish and wildlife; Notice of intent to prepare and environmental impact statement. Federal Register, 70.

2005. P. 18711875.

Nord Stream AG. Nord Stream 2011 [ ], 2012. 193 . URL: www.nordstream.com/download/document/186/?language=ru ( : 31.07.2012).

Nowacek D., Johnson M.P., Tyack P.L. North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) ignore ships but respond to alerting stimuli // Proc. Biological Sciences. 2004. Vol. 271 (1536). P. 227231.

Nowacek D.P., Thorne L.H., Johnston D.W., Tyack P.L. Responses of cetaceans to anthropogenic noise // Mammal. 2007. Rev 37, Issue 2. P. 81115.

Nowacek D.P., Vedenev A.I., Brandon L., Southall B.L., Racca R. Development and implementation of criteria for exposure of Western Gray Whales to oil and gas industry noise // Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. Cork, Ireland, 2010. P. 523524.

NRC (National Research Council). Marine mammal populations and ocean noise: Determining when noise causes biologically significant events. Washington D.C., The National Academies Press. 2005. 126 p.

NRL (Naval Research Laboratory). Acoustic modeling results of the Haro Strait for 5 May 2003. Naval Research Laboratory report. US : University of Washington, Naval Research Laboratory, 2004.

NRL (Naval Research Laboratory). EEEL analysis of SHOUP transmissions in the Haro Strait on 5 May 2003 / Naval Research Laboratory briefing of 2 September 2004. US : University of Washington, Naval Research Laboratory. 2004a.

Offringa H., Lhr J. SafetyatSea. An integrated approach to map ecologically vulnerable ereas in marine waters in the Netherlands (V-maps). Report A09. Revision No 4. Centre for Ecosystem Studies, 2007. 93 p.

Oil spill science and technology. Prevention, Response, and Cleanup / Edit. By M. Fingas. Gulf Professional Publishing, Elsever. 2011. 1156 p.

Oppdatering av forvaltningsplanen for det marine milj i Barentshavet og havomrdene utenfor Lofote [ ]. Meld. St. 10 (20102011) Melding til Stortinget. Det

Kongelige Miljverndepartement, 2011. URL:

144 p.

http://www.regjeringen.no/pages/16007995/PDFS/STM201020110010000DDDPDFS.pdf ( : 08.08.2014).

OSPAR (Oslo and Paris convention). Quality Status Report 2000, Region II Greater North Sea. OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the NorthEast Atlantic. London : OSPAR Commission, 2000. 136 p.

OSPAR (Oslo and Paris convention). Overview of the impacts of anthropogenic underwater sound in the marine environment. OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine

Environment of the North-East Atlantic [ ] // Biodiversity and Ecosystems Series. Publication Num. 441/2009. 134 p. URL:

http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00441_Noise%20Background%20docume nt.pdf ( : 15.09.2014).

O'Sullivan A.J., Jacques T.G. Impact reference system. Effects of Oil in the Marine Environment: Impact of Hydrocarbons on Fauna and Flora. Belgium : European Commission, 2001. 79 .

Owens N.J.P., Woodward E.M.S., Aiken J., Bellan I.E., Rees A.P. Primary production and nitrogen assimilation in the North Sea during July 1987 // Neth. J. sea res. 1990. Vol. 25 (1/2). P. 143154.

Palka D., Hammond P.S. Accounting for responsive movement in line transect estimates of abundance // Can. J. of Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2001. Vol. 58. P. 777787.

Pavlenko V.I., Glukhareva E.K. Environmental Changes in the Arctic and Development of Transcontinental Transportation // Proceedings of the 20th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. Beijing. 2010. 10951102 p.

Percy J.A. Responses of Arctic marine crustaceans to crude oil and oil-tained food // Environ. Poll. 1976. Vol. 10. P. 155162.

Percy J.A., Mullin T.S. Effects of crude oils on the locomotory activity of Arctic marine invertabrates // Mar. Poll. Bull. 1977. Vol. 2, .2. P. 3539.

Pihl S., Frikke J., Counting birds from aeroplane /Eds. Komdeur J., Bertelsen J., Cracknell G. Manual for Aeroplane and Ship Surveys of Waterfowl and Seabirds. IWRB Special Publ. Iss. 1992. 19. 24 p.

Pinto A.M.F., Sperling E.V., Moreira R.M. Chlorophyll-a determination via continuous measurement of plankton fluorescence: methodology development // Water Research. 2001. Vol. 35, 16. P. 39773981.

Popper A.N., Carlson T.J. Application of sound of other stimuli to control fish behavior // Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 1998. Vol. 127, issue 5. P. 673-707.

Popper A.N., Hastings M.C. The effects of anthropogenic sources of sound on fishes.

review paper // Journal of Fish Biology. 2009. Vol. 75. P. 455489.

Popper A.N., Carlson T.J., Hawkins A.D., Southall B.L., Gentry R.L. Interim criteria for

injury of fish exposed to pile driving operations: a white paper. USA : Washington state department of transport, 2006. 15 p. URL:

http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/84A6313A-9297-42C9-BFA6A691E1DB3/0/BA_PileDrivingInterimCriteria.pdf ( : 15.09.2014).

Record N.R., Young B. Patterns of diel vertical migration of zooplankton in acoustic Doppler velocity and backscatter data on the Newfoundland Shelf // Can. J. Aquat. Sci. 2006. 63. P. 27082721.

Reeves R.R., Brownell R.L., Jr., Burdin A., Cooke J.G., Darling J.D., Donovan G.P., Gulland F.M.D., Moore S.E., Nowacek D.P., Ragen T.J., Steiner R.G., VanBlaricom G.R., Vedenev A., Yablokov A Impacts of Sakhalin II Phase 2 on Western North Pacific Gray Whales and Related Biodiversity. Report of the Independent Scientific Review Panel. Switzerland, Gland : International Union for the Conservation of Nature, 2005. 129 p.

Richardson W.J., Jr. Greene C.R., Koski W.R., Malme C.I., Miller G.W., Smultea M.A., Wrsig B. Acoustic effects of oil production activities on bowhead and white whales visible during spring migration near Pt. Barrow, Alaska 1989 phase. Report NTIS Pb91-105486 for U.S. Minerals Management. USA : LGL Ltd. Service, 1990. 284 p.

Richardson W.J., Greene C.R., Malme C.I., Thomson D.H. Marine mammals and noise.

San Diego : Academic Press, 1995. 576 p.

Ricker W.E. Linear regression in fishery research // J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 1973. Vol. 30. P. 409434.

Riebel P.N., Percy J.A. Acute toxicity of petroleum hydrocarbons to the arctic shallowwater mysid, Mysis oculata (fabricius) // A Nordic journal of marine biology Sarsia. Bergen.

1990. Vol. 75, 3. P. 223232.

Romano T.A., Keogh M.J., Kelly C., Feng P., Berk L., Schlundt C.E., Carder D.A., Finneran J.J. Anthropogenic sound and marine mammal health: measures of the nervous and immune systems before and after intense sound exposure // Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2004. Vol.

61. 11241134.

Rowe J. McCay D.F., Whittier N. Estimation of natural resource damages for 23 Florida cases using physical fates and biological modeling [ ] // Proceedings of the Annual International Conference on Soils, Sediments, Water and Energy. 2007. Vol. 12, Article 34. URL: http://scholarworks.umass.edu/soilsproceedings/vol12/iss1/34 ( : 15.09.2014).

Saetre R., Ona E. Seismiske undersokelser og skader pa fiskeeegg og-larver // Fisken og Havet. 1996. 19. P. 818.

Samiullah Y. Biological effects of marine oil pollution // Petrochemical Pollution. England : Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd. 1985. Vol. 2, .4. P. 235264.

Samuels W.B., Ladino A. Calculations of seabird populations recovery from potential oil spills in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States // Ecological Modelling. 1984. Vol. 21, Issue 1-2. P. 6384.

Samuels W.B., Lanfear K.J. Simulations of seabird damage and recovery from oil spills in the Northern Gulf Of Alaska // Journal of Environmental Management. 1982. Vol. 15(2).

P. 169182.

Sand O., Enger P.S., Karlsen H.E., Knudsen F.R. Detection of infrasound in fish and behavioral responses to intense infrasound in juvenile salmonids and European silver eels: a minireview // Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 2001. Vol. 26. P. 183193.

Schiller H., Bernen C., Krasemannn H.L. Automated classification of an environmental sensitivity index // Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. Vol. 110, Issue 1-3. 2005. P. 291299.

Scott D. A., Rose P. M. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and Western Eurasia. Wageningen. The Netherlands: Wetlands International, 1996. P. 1336.

Seip K.L., Sandersen E., Mehlum F., Ryssdel J. Damages to seabirds from oil spills:

comparing simulation results and vulnerability indexes // Ecological Modelling. 1991. Vol.

53. P. 3959.

Sensitivity atlas [ ] Institute for bioscience. 2014. URL:

http://environmental-atlas.dmu.dk ( : 18.02.2014).

SFT (Statens forurensningstilsyn). Beredskap mot akutt forurensning. Modell for prioritering av miljressurser ved akutte oljeutslipp langs kysten. TA-nummer 1765/2000. Oslo : Statens forurensningstilsyn, 2004. 16 p. [ . : , 2004. 27 .].

Shavykin A.A., Fischer J. Fluorometrical method for simultaneous measurement of chlorophyll and dissolved organic matter in marine water // Estuarine ecosystems and species / Proceedings of the 2-nd International Estuary Symposium held in Gdansk, October 18-22, 1993. - Grangon -Issues of the Marine Biology Centre in Gdynia. Gdynia, 1996. 1. P.181188.

Shavykin A.A., Fischer J., Rhyzov W.M., Styczynska-Jurewich E. Distribution of Chlorophyll, dissolved organic matter and suspended particles in the surface water of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Swa) at fall 1992 // Estuarine ecosystems and species / Proceedings of the 2-nd International Estuary Symposium held in Gdansk, October 18-22, 1993. - Grangon-Issues of the Marine Biology Centre in Gdynia. Gdynia, 1996. 1. P.189201.

Skalski J.R., Pearson W.H., Malme C.I. Effects of sounds from a geophysical survey device on catch-per-unit-effort in a hook-and-line fishery for rockfish (Sebastes ssp.) // Can. J.

Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1992. Vol. 49. P. 13571365.

Smagorinsky J. General circulation experiments with the primitive equations // Monthly Weather Review, 1963. Vol. 91, 3. P. 99165.

Smith M.E., Kane A.S., Popper A.N. Acoustical stress and hearing sensitivity in fishes:

Does the linear threshold shift hypothesis hold water? // J. of Experimental Biology. 2004. Vol. 207. P. 35913602.

Smith M.E., Kane A.S., Popper A.N. Noise-induced stress response and hearing loss in goldfish (Carassius auratus) // J. of Experimental Biology. 2004a. Vol. 207. . 427435.

Sonny D., Knudsen F.R., Enger P.S., Kvernstuen T., Sand O. Reactions of cyprinids to infrasound in a lake and at the cooling water inlet of a nuclear power plant // J. Fish. Biol.

2006. Vol. 69. P. 735748.

Southall B.L., Bowles A.E., Ellison W.T., Finneran J.J., Gentry R.L., Greene C.R., Kastak D, Ketten D.R., Miller J.H., Nachtigall P.E., Richardson W.J., Thomas J.A., Tyack P.L.

Marine mammal noise exposure criteria: Initial scientific recommendations // Aqu. Mam.

2007. Vol. 33, issue 4. P. 412522.

Stiling P. Ecology: theories and applications. 3ed. New Jersey, Upper Saddle River :

Prentice Hall, 1999. 638 p.

Stramsky R.W., Dickey T.D. Shot-term variations of the biooptical properties of the ocean in response to cloud-induced irradiance fluctuations// J. Geophys. Res. 1992. Vol. 97, C4. P. 57135721.

Strass V. On the calibration of lage-scale fluorometric chlorophyll measurements from tower undulating vechicles // Deep-Sea Res. 1990. Vol. 37, 3. P. 525-540.

Strickland J.D.H., Parsons T.R. A practical handbook of seawater analysis (2nd ed.) // Bull. Fish. Res. Board Con. 1972. Vol. 167. 311 p.

Sunken and submerged oils behavior and response. A report for the maritime and coastguard agency RP595 by Rymell Matthew (ed). Ontario : Cordah Limited, 2009. 149 p.

Swedmark M., Granmo A., Kollberg S. Effects of oil dispersants and emulsifiers on marine animals // Water Res. 1973. Vol. 7. P. 16491672.

Tasker M.L., Jones P.H., Dixon T. J., Blake B.F. Counting seabirds from sea at ships: a review of methods employed and a suggestion for a standartized approach // Auk. 1984. Vol.

101. P. 567577.

Tasker M.L., Amundin M., Andre, A. Hawkins W., Lang T., Merck, A. Scholik-Schlomer J., Teilmann F., Thomsen S., Werner & M. Zakharia Underwater noise and other forms of energy [ ] // MARINE STRATEGY FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE. Task Group 11. Report. Joint Report. European Commission Joint Research Centre, Editor: N.

Zampoukas, 2010. URL: http://www.ices.dk/projects/MSFD/TG11final.pdf ( : 15.09.2014).

The Barents Sea. Ecosystem, Resources, Management. Half a century Russian Norwegian cooperation / Edit. by T. Jakobsen, V.K. Ozhigin. Trondheim, Norway : Tapir Academic Press, 2011. 825 p.

Thompson S.K. Adaptive cluster sampling: Designs with primary and secondary units // Biometrics. 1991. Vol. 47. P. 11031115.

Todd S., Stevick P., Lien J., Marques, F., Ketten, D. Behavioral effects to underwater explosions in humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) // Can. J. Zool. 1996. Vol. 74. P. 16611672.

Turk T.D., Risk M.J. Effects of sedimentation on infaunal invertebrates population of Cobequid Bay, bay of Fundy // Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1981. Vol. 38 (6). P. 642648.

Turnpenny A.W.H., Nedwell J.R. The effects on marine fish, diving mammals and birds of underwater sound generated by seismic surveys. Cunsultancy Report FCR 089/94. Fawley Aquatic Research Laboratories Ltd., 1994. 40 p.

Vadas R.L., Wright W.A., Miller S.L. Recruitment of Ascophyllum nodosum: wave action as a source of mortality // Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 1990. Vol. 61. P. 263272.

Van Parys M., Dumon G., Pieters A., Claeys S., Lanckneus J., Van Lancker V., Vangheluwe M., Van Sprang P., Speleers L., Janssen C.R. Environmental monitoring of the dredging and relocation operations in the coastal harbors in Belgium. [ ] /

MOBAG, 2000. 14 p. URL:


202001.pdf ( : 02.03.2009).

Varoujean D.H., Baltz D.M., Allen B., Power D., Schroeder D.A., Kempner K.M. Seabird-oil spill behavior study. Portland : Nero and Associates Inc, 1983. 365 p.

Vedenev .I. Acoustic monitoring of endangered GW feeding area near oil and gas activity off Sakhalin island: New techniques and noise exposure criteria // 21 Annual Conference of the Europe citation Society. Spain, Donostia San Sebastian. 2007. P. 2728.

Vedenev A.I. Coastal exploration Seismic impact on spawning and downstream salmon migration to the Sakhalin island // International Conference Fisheries in the context of hydrocarbon resource development on the continental shelf, PINRO, 28-30 October. Murmansk.

2009. 4 p.

Vedenev A.I., Nowacek D. Development and application of noise exposure criteria for gray whale monitoring off Sakhalin Island, Russia // Proceeding of the 23 Annual Conference of the Europe citation Society. Turkey, Istanbul. 2009. . 8991.

Vedenev A., Avilov K., Shavykin A. Assessment of zones of the acoustic impact on the Arctic marine mammals at industrial activity in Barents Sea // Information and Ideas Worth Sharing : 26th European Cetacean Society Conference. 26h-28 March 2012. Ireland, Galway.

2012. P. 285.

Venesjrvi R. The effects of oil spills on the marine environment // Environmental administration guidelines : The ecological effects of oil spills in the Baltic Sea the national action plan of Finland. Helsinki. 2012. P. 2728.

Walmsley D. (ed) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life // The 1st International Conference. Denmark, Nyborg. 2007.

Wardle C.S., Carter T.J., Urquhart G.G., Johnstone A.D.F., Ziolkowski A.M., Hampson G., Mackie D. Effects of seismic air guns on marine fish // Cont. Shelf Res. 2001. Vol. 21, issue 8-10. P.10051027.

Watkins W.A., Schevill W.E. Sperm whales (Physeter catodon) react to pingers // Deep Sea Research. 1975. Vol. 22, Issue 3. P. 123129.

Webb A., Harrison N.M., Leaper G.M., Steel R.D., Tasker M.L., Pienkowski M.W. Seabird distribution west of Britain // Nature Conservancy Council. Final report. Aberdeen. 1990.

282 p.

Weilgart L. An Overview of the Uses of Sound by Marine Mammals and the Impacts from Anthropogenic Underwater Noise Sources // Report of the workshop on alternative technology to seismic airgun surveys for oil and gas exploration and their potential for reducing impacts on marine mammals. Weilgart L (ed). Okeanos - Foundation for the Sea, Monterey, California, USA, 31st August 1st September. 2009.

Wenz G.M. Acoustic ambient noise in the ocean: spectra and sources // J. Acoust. Soc.

Am. 1962. Vol. 34. P. 19361956.

Wiese F.K. Estimation and impacts of seabirds mortality from chronic marine oil pollution off the coast of Newfoundland. PhD thesis. Canada, Newfoundland, 2002. 321 p. URL: research.library.mun.ca/1153/3/Wiese_FrancisK.pdf ( : 10.03.2014).

Wilber D.H., Clark D.G. Biological effects of suspended sediments: a review of suspended sediment impacts on fish and shellfish with relation to dredging activities in estuaries // North Amer. J. of fish. manag. 2001. 21. P. 855875.

Wilhelm S.I., Robertson G.J., Ryan P.C., Tobin S.F., Elliot R.D. Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution // Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2009. Vol. 58. P. 249255.

Wright A.J. (ed) International Workshop on Shipping Noise and Marine Mammals.

Hamburg, Germany, 21st-24th April 2008. Germany, Darmstadt : Okeanos - Foundation for the Sea. 2008. 42 p.

Wright A.J. (ed). Report of the Workshop on Assessing the Cumulative Impacts of Underwater Noise with Other Anthropogenic Stressors on Marine Mammals: From Ideas to Action. Monterey, California, USA, 26th-29th, August, 2009. USA, Monterey : Okeanos Foundation for the Sea. 2009. 74 p.

WWF (World Wildlife Fund) [ ] / .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , ..

, .. , .. , .. . , , , -, 2012. 60 . URL: http://www.wwf.ru/resources/publ/book/478 ( : 12.08.2013).

Wyatt R. Review of Existing Data on Underwater Sounds Produced by the Oil and Gas Industry // Joint Industry Programme on Sound and Marine Life. UK : Seiche Measurements Limited. 2008. Issue 1. 106 p.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 ||


25.00.28 : , .. , ...

BETULA L. 03.02.14 : , .. 20 .. 1 . 1.1 ...

(Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton) - 06.01.07 : .-. , .. , 2015 ..4 I. ...


- 14.03.09 , ...

03.02.02 : , 2015 1 2 2.1 ...

, 03.02.02 : , .. - 1....

IN VITRO 06.01.08 , .. 201 ...

PARAPHOMA SP. 1.46 : 03.02.12 : .. -...

(SORBUS L.) 03.02.01 : ..., ... .. 2014 .. 4 1. .. 8 ...

05.18.01 , , , , : ...

03.02.10 ...

03.03.01 : , ...

13.00.04 , , ...

03.02.08 ( ) : ...

( ) : 03.02.08 : ...

- -1 , 03.01.03 ...

IN SITU / EX SITU ¨ 03.02.03 : , .. 2015 . .. 4...

14.04.02 , : , - 2015 ...

14.01.07 : , ...

<<     |    
2016 www.konf.x-pdf.ru - - , ,

, .
, , , , 1-2 .